Aging is a part and group of vigor, but as our body date, our fancy century too. Just liking an aging body can be riddled with diseases and illnesses like arthritis, cataracts, cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis, an aging brain too can be wound with malady. The Time-associated diseases that affect the brain are often clustered under the gingham-stipulation of ‘neurodegeneration’. Diseases similar Huntington’s, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s are some of the better known disorders that fall under this terminology.
Let us first assume what the term ‘neurodegeneration’ truly invest. The Oxford Dictionary defines neurodegeneration as the “Degeneration of the nervous system, particularly of neurons in the fancy”. According to the EU Joint Programme – Neurodegenerative Disease Research (JPND), the spirited system of the human body embrace of neurons. In case they suffer damage, they do not possess the ability to repair, refund or en themselves. This inability results in neurodegenerative diseases.
Previously, neurodegenerative diseases were believed to be incurable. However, with the tremendous track towards improvement that medical science has taken in the recent years, scientists have been skillful to devise procedures that befriend in assisting individuals suffering from neurodegenerative disease. Stem cell therapy is among these advanced procedures that have newly shown positive results.
These cells are mother or long shot cells that have the ability to sever into other sign of specialized cells through the anapophysis of karyokinesis. They can mend inclosed tissue damage by developing into a loculus with a specialized function like a blood cell or brain theca. They also control the address to renew themselves.
Utilizing these type of cells to treat medical disorders and diseases is known as stem cell therapeutics. Transplantation of stem cells is the most general procedure used in this locule therapy. In casing of brain degeneration, flame cells are transplanted into the endurant. These cells then become progenitor cells that duty within the imagination to maintain the neuron functions. Research has been conducted on bestial models for diseases like Amyotrophic lateral hardening, Parkinson’s, and multiple sclerosis, which have provided optimistic outcomes.
In a symposium organized by EuroStemCell, Magdalena Götz, PhD, Helmholtz Zentrum München, spoke concerning the radiated glial cells which are present in the neural stem cells and described them as “they anticipate alike neuroglia, they fragrance inclination neuroglia but they are actually the nerve stem cells.” She further explicate the educement of genius cells and the possibility of director neural stem cells to settle and go the injury site inside the brain, while also regenerating neurons.